The more contemporary versions include: (5) the argument from irreducible biochemical complexity (6) the argument from biological information and (7) the fine-tuning argument table of contents the classical versions of the design argument. Study 50 final exam flashcards from john hick is known for his modern day version of the ontological argument the ontological argument provides undeniable. I read the ontological proof for god's existence as much as i understood, it says that if you consider that existence is part of essence , then the most complete essence should also exist now, i see that as a perfect, flawless argument, on the condition that we accept the premise that existence is part of essence . The ontological argument is an argument for god's existence based entirely on reason according to this argument, there is no need to go out looking for physical evidence of god's existence we can work out that he exists just by thinking about it.
The kalām cosmological argument is a modern formulation of the cosmological argument for the existence of god named for the kalam (medieval islamic scholasticism), it was popularized by william lane craig in his the kalām cosmological argument (1979. How (in what form) did anselm propose his classical version of the ontological argument as a prayer in two parts, in his 11th century text entitled 'proslogion' in general, how do ontological argument try and prove the existence of god. The ontological argument the ontological argument is an attempt to define the difference between existence and essence any ordinary person or thing, it is held, exists, and, on the other hand, has certain qualities, which make up his or its essence, says russell. On one simple version of an ontological argument, god is by definition a being that has every perfection, and since existence is a perfection, god exists there are a number of more sophisticated ontological arguments, which have been defended and attacked by the most famous philosophers.
The ontological argument for the existence of god is a classical christian argument that contends that the very concept of god logically and necessarily demands existence it is the argument that, if one understands what is meant by the word god and follows it out to the logical conclusion, it is. Weaknesses of the ontological argument the main weakness of anselm's argument is posed by gaunilo of marmoutier, a contemporary of anselm, gaunilo posed, using reductio ad absurdum, that if the logic of the argument were applied to anything other than god, its conclusion would be unreasonable. History of the ontological argument for the existence of god introduction philosophers who address the questions of what it is for an individual to exist, or what it is for an individual to be actual, often do so with reference to the fallacy they have uncovered in the classical ontological argument for god's existence. Ontological arguments are really pointless, because one can juggle words around, use pseudo logic and finally somehow come to the conclusion that something is a possibility.
The ontological argument is, roughly, the argument that god, being that than which no greater can be conceived, must exist, for if he did not then it would be possible to conceive of an existent god, which would be greater than that than which no greater can be conceived, which is absurd. The ontological argument in its basic form, the ontological argument goes something like this: by definition, god is a being than which none greater can be imagined (that is, the greatest possible being that can be imagined. The ontological argument for the existence of god is an a priori argument that is to say, it relies wholly on logic and reason to prove a definition to be correct, and therefore does not require empirical evidence to reach its conclusion. Accepted kant's argument that existence is not a predicate but still argued that anselm's second version of the ontological argument was successful malcolm's ontological.
A modern advocate of the ontological argument is alvin plantinga (b1932) professor of philosophy at notre dame university, usa he has forcefully argued that kant's objection does not conflict with anything in anselm's argument. Anselm, the ontological argument a short selection of anselm's argument from proslogium 2 in the online reading for philosophical inquiry on this site ontological arguments a good discussion with extensive links to the history, classification, and classic objections to various versions of the ontological argument by graham oppy in the. Modern philosopher norman malcolm offered his version of the ontological argument he argued that if god does not exist, he never has or never will however, he argued that god's existence is either necessary or it is impossible but god as an impossible being is self-contradictory. Descartes' ontological (or a priori) argument is both one of the most fascinating and poorly understood aspects of his philosophyfascination with the argument stems from the effort to prove god's existence from simple but powerful premises.
Criticism of descartes' ontological argument a priest called caterus responded to descartes' argument caterus argued that the statement 'if god exists then he is highest being' was a tautology (the truth of the statement is self evident. The ontological argument this is the a priori argument : prior to considering the existence of the physical universe this is reasoning without bringing in any consideration of the existence of the universe or any part of it this is an argument considering the idea of god alone. Part 1 of 2 this is a version of spinoza's ontological argument professor grossman effectively argues for the existence of the spinozistic god from an analogy in set theory.
The ontological argument can be used either as a prior argument to these other arguments, or as the last of these arguments43 if used first, the ontological argument gives good grounds to the other arguments and backs them up however, if the ontological argument fails, it does not threaten the success of the other theistic arguments. The argument from design this argument differs from the others we have considered in that it does not depend on any exotic or potentially controversial metaphysical assumptions the ontological argument assumes as a premise that existence is a perfection the cosmological argument assumes that every positive fact must have an explanation. Modern versions of the ontological argument alvin plantinga if god's existence is necessary then he must exist in all worlds and have all the characteristics of god in them all. His version of the ontological argument8 nevertheless, even with this added as another premise, pigdon™s argument still allows for polytheism unless we add a uniqueness condition for being god-like as well.