Despite the fact that state sovereignty pertains more to political power while relativism pertains more to cultural, historical, religious, and social contexts, an undeniable connection exists between the two. A) explain the concept of relativist ethics (25 marks) b) 'relativist ethics are unfair' discuss (10 marks) a) relativist ethics can be described as the belief that nothing is objectively right or wrong and that the definitions of right or wrong depend upon the prevailing view of a particular individual, culture, or even the politics of the area. Moral relativism and objectivism 1 moral relativism: the view that what is morally right or wrong depends on what someone thinks (to which the claim that opinions vary substantially about right and wrong is usually added.
An ethical relativist is in the habit o f a d d i n g relativizing clauses to his ethical j u d g m e n t s we say it is wrong in all places it is good: de gustibus non est disputandum or that the activity m i g h t be w r o n g for one culture b u t right for another culture. This is an impossibility morality without god is based on popular opinion or the conventional wisdom of the era or culture click to expand the atheists who deny moral relativism (there are quite a few) contend that evolution evolved moral absolutes that need to be followed (i don't believe. The moral issues, they continue to hold different moral beliefs for a relativist, this fact is best explained by and is therefore evidence for er otherwise we would expect to find considerable moral agreement. But even then, as i argued in the above paragraph, moral relativism is, by definition, at odds, or is contradictory, to moral objectivism (see blog of definitions) for the moral relativist, tolerance is a cardinal virtue.
But, morality has no definition for the moral relativist for them, there is no improvement, because there is no better way, because there are no standards of right and wrong thus, there can't be any motivation to improve on anything (ie job, life, education, family, health. Ethical relativism is the theory that holds that morality is relative to the norms of one's culture that is, whether an action is right or wrong depends on the moral norms of the society in which it is practiced. Relativism says that nothing is intrinsically right or wrong it is popular in the present day because there is a belief that everyone should be tolerant towards others' beliefs and views this idea for freedom of speech implies that there are no 'real' absolute truths. I proceed, then, as a relativist, a pragmatist, and a skeptic who employs correspondence theory as far as it will take me, but beyond the ordinary facts of mundane life, that is not very far, especially when one enters the realms of morality and religion. Absolute morality- an ethical view that certain actions are absolutely right or wrong, regardless of other contexts such as their consequences or the intentions behind them.
An ethical relativist will not question clitoridectomies because they acknowledge the cultural difference that exist among us i think a nonrelativist will look at this practice as morally wrong and they will judge the africans as unethical people. I will discuss both cultural relativism and universal human rights and analyse the conflicts that have risen between them and their ensuing practices, as well as give examples to show the absurdity of the cultural relativist claim. Situation ethics will not be mentioned in the exam - they will talk about 'a moral relativist theory' you may get asked to explain a moral relativist theory you may be required to evaluate moral relativism or compare it to another theory.
Consequently, the moral relativist is unable to declare germany's actions unfair the moral relativist is equally incapable of making the charge of injustice, for the concept of justice also hinges upon the existence of an external standard of right. It might seem unfair to be punished by trying to do something good to an intentionalist, but to a consequentialist, it was the policeman's fault, so he should be punished this can be a weakness in relativist morals. Relativist ethics are unfair discuss it could be argued that relativist ethics are fair subjective ethical realism enables morals to be justified by their acceptance by an individual agent, him or.
Cultural relativism, the opposite of the idea that moral truth is universal and objective, contends there is no such thing as absolute right and wrong there is only right and wrong as specified by the moral code of each society. Moral relativism moral relativism is the view that moral judgments are true or false only relative to some particular standpoint (for instance, that of a culture or a historical period) and that no standpoint is uniquely privileged over all others. 'relativist theories give no convincing reason why people should be good' discuss - 10 marks 'moral absolutism cannot be justified'- discuss - 10 marks' 'relativist ethics and unfair' - discuss - 10marks.
By definition, relativism is the doctrine that knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context, and are not absolute it's a theory , especially in ethics or aesthetics, that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. Moral acts become that which is socially approved- the brutality towards jews in nazi germany would be just can't condemn immorality, but can justify it, eg murder people who can't be trusted to make the right decision would not be condemned. Where a moral absolutist would hold that it is always wrong to lie, a relativist might argue that under some circumstances, lying is the moral thing to do, for instance if one was lying to protect.