Animal testing in scientific research animal testing has been going on since the late nineteenth century over the years, billions of animals have been killed should animals be used in laboratory research every year millions of animals are used as human food, in human sports for fun, to make. The number of animals used in research has increased with the advancement of research and development in medical technology every year, millions of experimental animals are used all over the world the pain, distress and death experienced by the animals during scientific experiments have been a debating issue for a long time. A 2011 poll of nearly 1,000 biomedical scientists conducted by the science journal nature found that more than 90% agreed that the use of animals in research is essential. The debate on whether animals should be used for scientific research seems to have become all the more intense with the pros and cons of this practice dividing the world into two groups. With a 50 percent decline in animal research since 1975, we are roughly at the halfway point towards the complete elimination of animal research thus, we argue that, by 2050, we might finally see the last of animal use in the laboratory, particularly if all stakeholders put their minds to it.
Animals are used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of medications, check the safety of products destined for human use, and other an estimated 26 million animals are used every year in the united states for scientific and commercial testing animals are used to develop. Therefore, animals should not be used in research or to test the safety of products first, animals' rights are violated when they are used in research tom regan, a philosophy professor at north carolina state university, states: animals have a basic moral right to respectful treatment . While most researchers who support animal testing seem to feel this is a regrettable but necessary practice, some, such as dr john vandeberg bekoff's most recent op-ed was the dog's telltale tail this article was adapted from 'should animals be used for scientific or commercial testing.
Sa forum is an invited essay from experts on topical issues in science and technology on april 15, 1980, animal rights advocate henry spira took out a full-page ad in the new york times to decry. Should animal research be continued animal testing is important because it would not be morally right to give a human a substance that had never been given or tested on a living organism before should animal used for research although people always say that treat every creature equally. Animals should not be utilized for scientific research reasons 'against' the argument they stated directly that since animals are utilized for scientific testing or experimentation, and that these animals are not happy about being utilized as such then human beings were already violating the.
This chart shows which animals were used for research, testing, and educational purposes in the us in 2010 in descending order of their quantities as noted below, some of the numbers are estimates, and there are other limitations to the data. The use of animals in scientific research has been a controversial issue for well over a hundred years the basic problem can be stated quite simply these tests may cause pain and sometimes even death to the animal national academy press behavioral researchers are drawing on animal. Should animals be used for scientific or commercial testing our relationships with other animals are a very messy and confusing affair posted oct 24, 2013.
Why is the use of animals in scientific experimentation morally permissible in my view, it is because the moral status of animals is not equal to that of laurie pycroft, founder of pro-test (uk), stated in a june 2011 debate titled is animal testing necessary to advance medical research, posted on. Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study. Human beings use animals for a wide variety of purposes, including research the approximately 260 million people in the united states keep about 110 million dogs and cats as pets more than 5 billion animals are killed in the united states each year as a source of food animals are used for.
Many medical research institutions make use of non-human animals as test subjects animals may be subject to experimentation or modified into conditions useful for gaining knowledge about human disease or for testing potential human treatments because animals as distant from humans as mice and rats. Animal testing in scientific research animal testing has been going on since the late nineteenth century over the years, billions of animals have been killed from experiments, but the amount of animals tested on has fallen 50% since 1968 and in 1998 reached a 40 year low of only 266 million procedures. The debate over whether or not animals should be the proxy of the suffering for human's medical advancement often ignite intense discussion, especially between animal-loving vegans and utilitarian scientists i personally lean to the pro side, even though i believe we will discard animal model for go. Consequently, numerous tests on animals have led to path breaking discoveries in medical science on the contrary, animal research ethics and the integrity and morality of such tests have been questioned by environmentalists.